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Vulnerability of Arid and Semi-Arid Regions to Climate Change: Impacts and Adaptive Strategies, a Perspective
Climate change over the next century will affect rainfall patterns, river flows and sea levels, and severely affect water availability in arid and semi-arid regions.
In addition, the increase in the intrusion of salt water to coastal aquifers from sea level rises will further reduce the availability of usable ground water.
The effect of climate change on water resources will impact hydropower in many developing countries creating stress on energy infrastructure. Water stress will lead to conflict because of uncertainty in cooperation between nations sharing international water resources.
In view of the crisis, there is an urgent need to plan adaptive strategies at the global level and work towards strengthening national capacities.