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Sustainability and Equity Aspects of Total Sanitation Programmes

This paper outlines the experience of implementing community-wide open defecation-free sanitation programmes in rural areas of Bangladesh, Nepal and Nigeria.

The purpose of the study was to contribute to the global understanding of community-wide open defecation-free approaches, with a focus on the extent to which these approaches result in sustained and equitable improvements in sanitation behaviour.

While the three country studies provide an illustration of a range of experiences, the report does not judge comparative performance of the three sanitation programmes.

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