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Solar-Driven Desalination with Reverse Osmosis
Solar-driven reverse osmosis (RO) desalination can be a promising way to tap fresh water. It can help reduce costs significantly as the energy consumption is a major cost component of RO desalination plants, accounting for up to 45% of total costs.
The paper also suggests that solar-based reverse osmosis reduces not only cost but also dependency on fossil fuels, leading to an improvement in environment sustainability.