Pakistan, Egypt Face Extreme Water Security
A new report evaluating the water security of 165 countries has revealed that some African and Asian nations could face extreme water security risks when providing fresh water to societies and businesses.
In its Water Security Risk Index, UK-based risk consultancy agency Maplecroft found that Egypt, Iraq, Mauritania, Niger, Pakistan, Sudan, Syria, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan have the most vulnerable water supplies.
The report took into account factors such as access to drinking water, per capita demand and dependence on rivers that first flow through other nations.
The study also found that wealthier nations such as US and Australia have regions that have water supply risks.
At the top of the index was Somalia where just 30% of its population have clean drinking water access while rain-soaked Iceland has the most secure supplies, followed by Norway and New Zealand.
The study says a shift in monsoon rains and melting glaciers could disrupt water supplies, which may lead to cross-border conflicts.