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Epe Sewage Treatment Plant (STP), Netherlands




Key Data


The construction of the Epe plant was completed at the end of 2011

The new sewage treatment plant (STP) in the municipal town of Epe, Netherlands, was inaugurated by Crown Prince Willem-Alexander in May 2012. It is the first plant to use the innovative Nereda® sewage treatment technology invented by the Delft University of Technology.

The project involved the replacement of an existing plant in Epe with the new treatment system based on Nereda® technology. The plant is operated by Waterschap Veluwe, a Dutch water board.

The construction of the Epe plant was completed at the end of 2011. The new plant treats wastewater produced in Epe and nearby areas, including industrial and domestic waste. The new system has nearly doubled the capacity of the existing plant without consuming any additional space.

The plant can meet the clear water requirements of about 60,000 people. Its inlet is designed to draw wastewater at a flow rate of up to 1,500m³/h.

The water project in Epe municipality was pursued, after the successful upgrade of the Gansbaai wastewater treatment works (WWTW) located in the Overstrand municipality in the Western Cape to Nereda® technology in 2009. It is the first full-scale domestic STP to use the technology, while Epe is the first new build employing the Nereda® technology.

Groups involved with the Dutch STP project

"The project involved the replacement of an existing plant in Epe with the new treatment system based on Nereda® technology."

Nereda® is a granular biomass technology developed jointly by Netherlands' universities, private sector and public sector as part of a programme named the National Nereda Research Program (NNOP).

Delft University of Technology, engineering consultancy DHV, Dutch Foundation for Applied Water Research (STOWA) and six Dutch water boards were the partners in the joint development programme.

NL Agency provided financial support for the development of the innovative Nereda® technology and the mini-treatment plant at Epe utilising the technology, under the InnoWATOR and Water Framework Directive innovation programmes.

Waterschap Veluwe awarded a €15m ($19.9m) contract to DHV in June 2010 to design and construct a Nereda®-based treatment plant in Epe.

Nereda® technology details

Nereda® technology uses aerobic biological treatment methods that require fewer chemicals compared to conventional technologies. It also meets the stringent purification standards.

The plant uses non-conventional bacteria that consume wastewater and produce compact granules. The special microorganisms used in the treatment system do not develop in floc structures as in conventional methods, but form concentrated, compact granules.

The granular biomass produced by these bacteria settles quickly making separation of the granules from treated water easier. Such quick settlement results in lower energy consumption, while being highly sustainable. The system consumes 20% less space, 30% less power and smaller quantities of chemical additives. It therefore offers a cheaper method of treating municipal waste.

Sewage treatment processes at the Epe plant

The Epe plant uses a conventional activated sludge process configured to multiply the bacteria used in the treatment process resulting in the formation of dense granular balls.

"The plant is operated by Waterschap Veluwe, a Dutch water board."

The influent sewage, with an estimated 15% from slaughterhouses, is fed into a tank with the granules. It is then mixed in the presence of oxygen. The aeration results in the formation of bubbles that rise to the surface giving buoyancy to the granules, so that the granular sludge remains in contact with the sewage.

The process takes two to three hours to treat the water. Supply of oxygen is stopped after the treatment is complete, which causes the granules to settle at the bottom of the tank. The top water from the tank is discharged as final effluent, while the next batch of sewage is let into the bottom of the reactor to restart the next cycle of treatment.

The innovative treatment method also eliminates the need for recirculation pumps to transfer the sludge and remove biological nutrients, which results in reducing environmental pollution by about 50%, compared to conventional plants.

Conventional plants also require clarifiers and sludge pumping systems, which are not needed in the Nereda® process. The aerobic, anoxic and anaerobic compartments are all formed within the granules, thus saving space and separate equipment for the bacterial processes.

The final effluent from the plant can be safely discharged or used for farming. The plant is installed with an AquaSuite Nereda® process controller for automated plant operations.


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Epe sewage treatment plant was inaugurated by Prince Willem-Alexander in 2012.
Construction of the sewage treatment plant in Epe started in 2010.
Nereda® technology offers a more efficient and cost effective method of treatment.
It requires fewer machines and consumes less space compared to conventional plants.
The Nereda® plant in Epe supplies potable water to about 60,000 residents.