Stones River Water Treatment Plant, Tennessee, United States of America

The $40m Stones River Water Treatment Plant (SRWTP) upgrade and expansion project opened in February 2010. The state-of-art treatment plant is the largest membrane filtration system in Tennessee. The onsite sodium hypochlorite system-installed treatment plant is also the sole lime-softening water treatment plant in the state.

The 24-hour operating treatment plant is capable of generating 20 million gallons a day (mgd) of water, which meets drinking water quality standards set by the state and federal acts. The plant gets raw water from the East Fork Stones River and the Percy Priest Reservoir.

The plant was originally built in 1966 at Murfreesboro, and upgrade and expansion work began in 2004. It took contractors six years to complete the project, which comprised an entirely new treatment system. The designers and contractors carried out the work without closing the existing treatment plant.

Stones River water treatment plant key players

Nashville-based engineering, design and facility consulting firm, Smith Seckman & Reid (SSR), designed the plant project while construction work was carried out by Building Crafts. SSR has won the Engineering Excellence award from the American Council of Engineering Companies (ACEC) of Tennessee for its work on the SRWTP.

The plant is owned and operated by the Murfreesboro Water and Sewer Department (MWSD).

SRWTP background

"The state-of-art treatment plant is the largest membrane filtration system in Tennessee."

Prior to the upgrade and expansion, the MWSD was using a 15.6mgd lime softening / mixed media filtration plant. The plant was supplying drinking water to around 25,000 people.

The 40-year-old plant was under pressure to satisfy the rules and regulations set by the Tennessee Safe Drinking Water Act. In addition, there was a need to replace the ageing filtration system with modern filtration technology. For this purpose, the MWSD decided to upgrade and expand the existing treatment plant in 2004.

Water treatment

The membrane-technology based plant uses a lime-softening treatment process, which involves the conversion of calcium and magnesium compounds into the least soluble compounds, calcium carbonate and magnesium hydroxide. These compounds can be separated from water at concentrations higher than 40mg/l.

"The plant uses a lime-softening treatment process."

At the SRWTP, lime is added to water to bring the concentrations to 80mg/l. Ferric sulphate and polymer is added for coagulation and sedimentation. The plant does not require the recarbonation of settled water. This is made possible by maintaining the pH value of the feed water at the treatment plant below 8.3.

Water at the treatment plant is disinfected through bleach generation and the taste of water is improved through a carbon filtration system.

To ensure the availability of water during power outage, potable water is stored in elevated storage.

Stone River plant facilities

Based on the city's needs, the project planners considered two membrane technologies – vacuum-driven, immersed membrane technology, and a pressure driven, containerised design – for the plant. The construction and installation cost of the vacuum driven system is higher than that of pressurised systems, which are characterised by simpler installations and maintenance. Therefore, a pressurised, containerised membrane filtration system was chosen because of its higher operating flux.

The plant has been designed in such a way that its membrane filtration can be made to operate either prior to or after granular activated carbon (GAC) absorption basins. GAC helps to cut down the total organic compounds (TOC) pharmaceutical compounds from the treated water supply. The membrane filtration system has been placed in between the clearwells and the GAC filtration system.

The plant has been installed with ten racks of long cylinders. There are thousands of thin Teflon-like chains for filtering persisting impurities.

Water treatment plant expansion

"The plant has been equipped with a CO2 feed system."

The old plant has been upgraded several times. The most recent development work at the treatment plant included the refurbishment of the existing system and treatment capacity expansion from 15.6mgd to 20mgd of water. The expansion work included the building of pre-treatment and post treatment facilities, a membrane and a pump station.

The treatment plant has been equipped with a CO2 feed system, a soda ash feed system, sodium hypochlorite generators, a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system and a membrane filtration.